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Pros and cons of Indian Railway

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The first railway line in India was opened for public use on 16 April 1853 between Mumbai and Thane over a distance of 34 km. Further extended to Kalyan on 1 May 1854 and to Khopoli on 12 May 1856. Today Indian railway system is the main artery of the country's inland transport. Railways form the lifeline of the country, its contribution to economic growth and integration of the nation is so much that it could be called the backbone of the surface transportation system in India. Running 55,000 coaches of 10,000 trains daily, all over the country, the Indian railway provides the cheapest and most convenient mode of passenger transport both for long-distance and suburban traffic. The phenomenal growth of Indian railways has taken place in the post-independence era. At present, India has the second-largest railway network in Asia and the fourth-largest in the world after the USA, Russia, and China. But India tops the worlds leading countries with regard to passenger/ km carried. D