Showing posts from July, 2013

Agriculture in India and its silent features

 India is pre-eminently an agricultural country. About 70 % of the working force of India drives its livelihood by practising agriculture. It plays a vital role in the economy of India. Till 1971, about 80 % of the Indian population lived in rural areas and depended directly or indirectly on agriculture. It contributed 45 per cent of Gross Domestic Production (GDP) at that time. However, now the importance of agriculture in India has greatly reduced due to the rapid development in the other sectors like mining, manufacturing, transport and trade. Urbanisation is one of the contributing factor in the reduced popularity of agriculture. It is often said that India has an agrarian economy. But statistics tells different story, today agriculture and allied sectors contribute nearly 25 % of GDP, while about 65-70 % of the population is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood, and it still forms the hub of India's economy.

The Significance of the Himalayas and its Importance for India

Himalayas  are the most significant geographical structure of the India. They comprises the most dominating geographic feature of India. No other mountain range anywhere in the world has affected the life of people and shaped the destiny of a nation as the Himalayas have in respect of India. The Himalayas are the body and soul of the India. In a very special measure Himalayas formed the India's national mountain system. The following few points will bring out the significance of the Himalayan mountain to India:- Climatic Influence The Himalaya is one of the most influencing factor (other than Monsoon ) on Indian climate. Blessed with the high altitude, length and location, they effectively intercept the summer monsoons coming from the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal cause precipitation in the form of rain and snow. Besides, they prevent the cold continental air masses of Central Asia from entering into India. In the absence of the Himalayas, the whole India would have b

Regional Division of the Himalayas

On the regional basis Himalayas are classified according to the location to which they belong. In the previous posts we have discussed the Geographical division of the Himalayas which is based on age of the Formation of the Himalayas in different stages. However, the regional division of Himalayas is not a natural division but a man made. Division of the Himalayas on the regional basis is as follows:- 1. The Punjab Himalayas The 560 km long stretch of the Himalayas between the Indus and the Satluj rivers is known as Punjab Himalayas. A large portion of this sector lies in the Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh as a result of which it is also called the Kashmir or the Himachal Himalaya. Karakoram, Ladakh, Pir Panjal, Zaskar and Dhaola Dhar are the main ranges of this section. The 3,444 mt high Zoji La pass provides an easy passage. In between the main ranges, there are valleys, duns and lakes. The general elevation falls westwards. 2. The Kumaon Himalayas

The Trans Himalayas and the Eastern or the Purvanchal

In previous posts we further classified the first division of Himalayas i.e. The Himalayan Ranges in three parts - the Shiwalik Ranges, the Middle or the Lesser Himalaya and the Great Himalaya. Now in this post we will discuss the location and geographical features of  the other two division of the Himalayas i.e. the Trans Himalayas and the Eastern Hills or the Purvanchal.

The Middle and the Great Himalayas

In the previous post, we discussed the physical features of Shiwalik Himalayas and found out that how Shiwaliks created the beautiful Dun valleys. This post will discuss the geography of the other two ranges of The Himalayas- The Middle or Lesser Himalayas and The Great Himalayas which are the other two divisions of The Himalayan Ranges. The Middle or Lesser Himalayas   The mountain range which runs parallel between the Shiwaliks in the south and the Great Himalaya in the north is classified as the Middle Himalaya, sometimes also called Himachal or Lower Himalaya. It has an intricate system of ranges that are 60-80 km wide having elevations varying from 3,500 to 4,500 mt above sea level. Many peaks are more than 5,050 mt above sea level and are covered with snow throughout the year. Pir Panjal, the Dhaola Dhar, the Mussoorie Range, the Nag Tiba, and Mahabharata Lekh are some of the important ranges of the Middle Himalaya. The Pir Panjal, southernmost range of the

Geographical Division of the Himalayas

The Himalayas have been divided on geographical, regional, and geological basis. However, the geographical basis is more pronounced and widely accepted. Geographically entire Himalayan region can be divided into the following three categories:- The Himalayan Ranges. The Trans Himalayas. The Eastern Hills.   The Himalayan Ranges The Himalayas are not a single chain of mountains, but a series of several, more or less parallel or converging ranges. As we have discussed, the formation of the Himalayas took place in three different phases ( Origin of Himalayas ), which resulted in the formation of three different ranges. These ranges are separated by deep valleys. Like in all young fold mountains, we find a densely dissected " ridge and valley topography " in the Himalayas. Some of the most beautiful Himalayan valleys are the vale of Kashmir and the Karewas, the Kangra and Kullu valley in Himachal Pradesh; the Dun valley; the Bhagirathi valley (near Gangotri), and the

Theories Behind The Origin Of Himalayas

The Himalayas are the vast, most extensive, loftiest, and the youngest mountain range of the world, located on the northeastern border of India. They are one of the biggest assets of the Indian subcontinent. No other mountain range anywhere in the world has so much importance as the Himalayas has for India ( Significance of the Himalayas ). The Himalayas are the body and soul of India. They have affected the life of Indian people for many years. The great wisdom of Veda and Yoga evolved in the abode of The Great Himalayas. The Himalayas have attained a unique personality owing to their high altitude, steep gradient, snow-capped summits, deeply dissected topography, youthful drainage, complex geological structure, and rich temperate flora in the subtropical latitudes. Northern India gets much of its rain from Monsoon and the Himalayas act like a big barrier for the Monsoon clouds. I believe that it is impossible to explore all aspects of this vast ocean of mountains. The magnitud