What is this NSG (Nuclear Suppliers Group) and why India wants its membership
After India detonated its first atom bomb in 1974, the nuclear weapon carrying states come together to found NSG i.e. Nuclear Supplier Group, with the aim of ensuring non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and nuclear technology. India saw it as a tactic to keep India away from access to sophisticated technology. Initially NSG had seven participating governments: Canada, West Germany, France, Japan, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States. These were also the member of NPT (Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty) except France. In 1976-77, participation was expanded to fifteen other nation and later on many other nation was induced in NSG including China in 2004, and up till now in 2016, 48 countries are participating member of NSG. So what is the problem than why India did not become its member.
India is kept away from NSG, mainly on the basis that it
is not the signatory of NPT. India can never sign NPT as it is against the
ethics of India foreign policy. Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly
known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT, is an international treaty whose
objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology,
and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and
complete disarmament. NPT divides its member nation into two category: nuclear-weapon
states (NWS)—consisting of the United States, Russia, China, France, and the
United Kingdom—and non-nuclear-weapon states (NNWS). According to NPT the NWS have committed to complete nuclear disarmament
while the NNWS have agreed to let go of developing or acquiring nuclear weapons.
If India have to sign NPT it will have to let go all its nuclear arsenal, which
is not right thing to do when Pakistan is also carrying nuclear weapons. Main
player in keeping India away from NPT is China, as it don't want India to
advance in nuclear technology and commerce, because it will threatened its
position in South-Asia and disturb the power equation. So all the recent visits
of Prime Minister are mainly to gain a common consensus of NSG member countries
on India's induction in NSG.
|Member of NSG|
Why India wants to be NSG member:
- Everything India owns in nuclear technology is indigenously developed, membership in NSG will open the doors of possibility for India to get its hand on more sophisticated technology and further development in medicinal purposes of nuclear science and power plants.
- It will help India to reduce its dependence on the depleting fossil fuels reservoir and will help India to strengthen its future power needs of clean energy. Having the ability to offer its own nuclear power plants to the world means spawning of an entire nuclear industry and related technology development. This could give the Make in India programme a big boost.
- Membership in NSG will open up the nuclear commerce for India. India can export and import the nuclear technology. With access to latest technology, India can commercialize the production of nuclear power equipment.
- Once Inducted in the NSG India can block Pakistan from its membership into the group as entry into the group is by consensus only.